Mantua, Italy

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A view from the Ducal Palace in Mantua, Italy ©Jean Janssen

About now you are saying, “where have I heard of Mantua?  It sounds familiar.”  In Act III of Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet, Romeo is banned from Verona for slaying Tybalt.  He flees to Mantua.  Ah, a city of romance.  Locals call the Mantua, La Bella Addormentata, a sleeping beauty.  That is because the city hasn’t changed since the middle ages. Surrounded on three sides by artificial lakes created almost 1,000 years ago, the city was effectively cut off from the outside world.

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Approaching Mantua, Italy

The approach to Mantua is striking as you cross the narrow bridge heading straight to the castle.  There is an outer road with parking, although with our early arrival we took a chance that there was parking closer in.  Vehicular traffic within the city walls is very limited.  We were fortunate to find a spot just past the cobble-stoned Piazzo Sordello.

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Duomo of San Pietro, Mantua, Italy. ©Jean Janssen

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The beautiful paintings which adorn the ceiling of the Cathedral of Saint Peter on Piazza Sordello, Mantua, Italy. ©Jean Janssen

The Ducal Palace and the Cathedral form two sides of the huge Piazzo Sordello.  Always a sucker for churches, I wandered inside the Cathedral, the Duomo San Pietro, and found a beautiful painted ceiling.  Amazing ceilings would be the theme of the day.  (Never did I see so many fabulous ceilings as I did on my morning touring in Mantua.)

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The Carrara marble facade of the Cathedral, the Duomo of San Pietro, built between 1756 and 1761 as seen across the Piazza Soldello in Mantua, Italy. ©Jean Janssen

Just as beautiful as the interior was the exterior facades, both the entrance facing the Plaza and the side wall facing the Palace.

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The Cathedral was already in existence in the 11th Century and has been rebuilt several times.  The right side facade of the Cathedral shows the walls of the Gothic Chapels facing the Ducal Palace.  Duomo of San Pietro, Mantua, Italy.   ©Jean Janssen

We got our tickets for the Palace and Castle just off the Piazza and the agent directed us to the Castle for our first stop.  We also purchased the audio guides in English.  If you want more background on the art in these two locations, the audio guide might be a wise addition at 5 euros.  There was signage in both Italian and English throughout the castle and palace, so you can also get by without the audio guide.  Boris got more information from his guidebook and tended to not use his audio guide.

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Entrance to the Castle of San Giorgio, Mantua, Italy. ©Jean Janssen

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Towering entrance to the Castle of San Giorgio, Mantua, Italy. ©Jean Janssen

Crossing over the moat, you enter the Castle San Giorgio and are directed to the rooms open on exhibit.  The castle was built between 1390 and 1406.  When we visited there was also a special art collection, on loan until 2025, so the exhibit area is enclosed with glass doors.  The most celebrated frescos are found in the bride’s room or wedding chamber know as the Camera degli Sposi (Painted Room).  This small square chamber was originally a bedroom.  You are limited as to the amount of time you can spend in this room for purposes of crowd control.

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One wall of the Camera degli Sposi in Castle San Giogio, Mantua, Italy. ©Jean Janssen

The Renaissance painting of the room was done between 1465 and 1474 by Andrea Mantegna for Ludovico and his wife Barbara of Brandenburg depicting events in the history of the Gonzaga family.  It is the only work of its kind by Mantegna still in place.

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The ceiling of the Camera degli Sposi. The use of the oculus and the blue painted “sky” and clouds is intended to trick the eye into the feeling of height and openness.        ©Jean Janssen

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A completely different type of painted ceiling in the Castle of San Giorgio, Mantua, Italy. ©Jean Janssen

We toured more rooms full of paintings and ceramics on loan, each featuring wonderful painted ceilings.  These spaces were originally the apartments for Ludovico II and his wife Barbara of Brandenburg.  After a major renovation of the castle beginning in 1459, the apartments were used by Isabella d’Este, wife of Francesco II.

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Fabulous ceramic on display in the Castle San Giorgio, Mantua, Italy. ©Jean Janssen

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Photo by Boris. Natasha in the courtyard of Castle San Giorgio, Mantua, Italy.

After finishing our tour of the castle interior, we stopped to look at the very green moat.  Not the most attractive sight, but a lot of castle moats have been filled in or are dry, so it was nice to have one still sporting questionable water.  The idea was to keep people from going in/crossing it.  This green water works for me.

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The green water of the moat at Castle San Giorgio, Mantua, Italy. ©Jean Janssen

Passing through the Piazzo Castello (currently under major construction), we returned to Piazza Sordello to tour the Ducal Palace.  The Palazzo Ducale is a complex of buildings with more than 500 rooms. Not all are on the tour, but there are more than enough to have your head spinning.  Even if you are not up for buying a ticket to view the Palace itself (a shame), you can walk into the lovely gardens free of charge.

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Boris viewing the gardens of Palazzo Ducale, Mantua, Italy. ©Jean Janssen

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Palazzo Ducale as viewed from Piazza Sordello in Mantua, Italy. ©Jean Janssen

This is “the largest residence in Italy after the Vatican”and was home to the Gonzaga family for over 300 years.  The Gonzagas held the duchy of Mantua until 1708 and ruled much like the Medicis did in Florence.

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An enclosed courtyard featured a series of painted facades as each of these areas were originally separate entrances that were later enclosed. Palazzo Ducale, Mantua, Italy      ©Jean Janssen

We spent much of the morning touring the series of rooms which make up this complex of a “city within a city”.  The buildings and the decoration were added and joined over time between the thirteenth and seventeenth centuries.

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Frescos can be found even in the areas framing the windows in Palazzo Ducale, Mantua, Italy. ©Jean Janssen

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The frescos on the walls of the Sala del Pisanello were never completed. This one details the Tournament of Louverzep. The uncompleted works by Pisanello depict Arthurian legend. ©Jean Janssen

The buildings were almost abandoned during the early 1900s.  Today, there are still areas under restoration.  The art on the buildings was most impressive, although I admit to a preference for the ceilings rather than the walls.  Below I give you a sampling of what you can see.  It is incredible.

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The labyrinth depicted on the ceiling gives this room in the Ducal Palace its name, Sala del Labirinto. The ceiling was originally in the palazzo of San Sebastiano. Mantua, Italy        ©Jean Janssen

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In the Palazzo Ducale, Mantua, Italy ©Jean Janssen

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Boris walks the Salone dei Fiumi (Hall of Rivers), built as a loggia in 1575. ©Jean Janssen

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The grottos at each end of the Hall of Rivers in the Palazzo Ducale in Mantua, Italy were added in the late seventeenth century. ©Jean Janssen

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Sala dello Zodiaco in the Palazzo Ducale in Mantua, Italy. Walls were done by Pozzo, the ceiling by Lorenzo Costa the Younger. ©Jean Janssen

After completing the Palazzo, we walked through the archway at the end of Piazza Sordello coming to the shopping area with its famous eateries under the porticos.  We got our first view of the clock tower, Torre dell’Orologio, built in 1473.  The adjacent Palazzo (to the left of the tower) was under renovation.  To the right of the tower was the Rotonda of San Lorenzo, a circular Romanesque church; it is also the oldest church in Mantua (1082).  Guglielmo Gonzaga closed and partially demolished it in 1579.  Between 1908 and 1926 the missing parts were rebuilt.  Inside there is a two-story ring aisle. It was beautiful in its simplicity.

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The Torre dell’Orologio and the Rotonda of San Lorenzo, Mantua, Italy. ©Jean Janssen

Just across the piazza from the Rotonda is the Basilica of Saint Andrea.  While I had the opportunity to admire the facade, the residents were taking their midday break and many things were closed to visitors at that time.  If you can’t beat them, join them.  Boris and I took our lunch break at Antica Osteria Broletto.  Boris had eaten there before and enjoyed their refreshing chilled house red wine.

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Interior of the Rotonda of San Lorenzo, Mantua, Italy. ©Jean Janssen

One of the regional specialities is donkey, but I just couldn’t go there.  So instead I ordered the pumpkin ravioli popular in this area.  Boris ordered our starter, an antipasti platter of sliced meats with a freshly-made warm orange jelly.  He had a regional favorite, risotto with sausage.  My ravioli was fabulous, but it was a little strange having something so sweet as a main course.  We also had a carafe of the chilled Lambrusco (which I would never order at home, but the Mantua version was wonderful) and downed three large bottles of sparking water (acqua frizzante).

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Antica Osteria Broletto, our lunch stop in Mantua, Italy. ©Jean Janssen

It was an extremely hot day with midday temperature in the mid 90s (35 C).  The porch offered a little breeze and it was actually cooler outside than inside.  Afterwards, things were still closed but we walked over to see the exterior of the Accademia Virgiliana which was built for Hapsburg Empress Maria Theresa.  Afterwards, Boris was on the hunt for bottle of Mantua Lambrosco to take with us.  (He found some; we bought two.)

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One of my favorite ceiling paintings in the Palazzo Ducale, Mantua, Italy. ©Jean Janssen

I had hopes of seeing the Teatro Scientifico where a young Mozart performed and the Palazzo Te, a lovely villa built by Fredorico Gonzaga II as a countryside residence to house his mistress.  It is one of Mantua “not to be missed sites” that I missed.  A boat ride on the lake would have been fun too.  Boris was hot, tired, and not excited about waiting to see when things would open up again.  Having been to Palazzo Te, he said I was not missing much.  When we got back to the house, our hosts told it differently.  He confessed he was just ready to come back.  Go see it for me; our hosts said the frescos are amazing.

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Viewing Piazza Sordello through the archway, Mantua, Italy.  ©Jean Janssen

We walked back through the covered opening into Piazza Sordello and to the car.  It was a little tricky finding a way out of the walled city, but we made it and headed back to Comcamarise.  I am doing the driving these days.  There is so much more to see and do in Mantua, I’ll need a return trip.

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One end of a longer hallway in the Palazzo connecting two sections. The windows open to courtyards on either side. This was my favorite passageway in the Palazzo Ducale. ©Jean Janssen

 

 

About travelbynatasha

I am a retired attorney who loves to travel. Several years ago I began working on a Century Club membership achieved by traveling to 100 "foreign" countries. Today, at 49 years of age the count is at 82. Many were visited on land based trips. Some were cruise ports. Some were dive sites. Most have been fascinating.
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One Response to Mantua, Italy

  1. Ishita says:

    Did you see all of this in a day? You definitely need a return trip then 🙂 Lovely post! Yet to visit here.

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